WordPress GDPR Plugin Vulnerable to Cross-Site Scripting Attacks
No CVE number has been assigned to the vulnerability yet. The plugin has been patched in version 1.8.3 and subsequent versions.
How the vulnerability works
The exploit is a result of improper access controls, specifically the __construct method used for initializing objects. This AJAX endpoint, originally only intended for administrators, failed to implement checks to verify the user’s identity.
Figure 1. Vulnerable code in admin/modules/cli-policy-generator/classes/class-policy-generator-ajax.php
- autosave_contant_data (sic) – defines the default content that appears in the cookie preview page
- save_contentdata – sends a POST request to the database in order to store cookie information
- get_policy_pageid – returns the post ID of the cookie configuration page
Figure 2. The autosave_contant_data function, which can be used to perform an XSS attack
The second of the two functions, save_contentdata, allows the attacker to send information to the backend database and modify page content. In addition, by setting the status of the page to draft instead of published, an attacker can use the function to make parts of the website invisible to the public and leverage this for a Denial of Service (DoS) attack.
Figure 3. The save_contentdata function, which can be used to modify page structure and potentially cause DoS
The improper access control vulnerability was patched in version 1.8.3. The patch adds an additional check to the ajax_policy_generator function called by __construct to verify that the user’s nonce value is valid and that it has the correct permissions to modify the plugin content. With the patched constructor function, users without correct permissions will no longer be able to use autosave_contant_data or save_contentdatato inject code.
Figure 4: Check added to the ajax_policy_generator function to patch the access control vulnerability
Everyone using this plugin should update to the latest version (>= 1.8.3) as soon as possible to mitigate the risk.
Protecting systems against compromise
- 37304: HTTP: WordPress GDPR Cookie Consent Plugin Stored Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerability
1010194 - WordPress 'GDPR Cookie Consent Plugin' Stored Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerability
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