Latest Security Advisories & Notable Vulnerabilities

This remote code execution vulnerability exists in the parsing of function definitions in GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-026 does not properly parse function. When exploited successfully, it may allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service.

Bash Vulnerability Shellshock (CVE-2014-6271)
 Severity:    
 Advisory Date:  25 Sep 2014

This vulnerability, which is found existing in certain versions of GNU Bourne Again Shell (Bash) can allow an attacker to execute commands on an affected system. It allows for remote code execution on servers that run these Linux distributions. Bash is used by most Unix and Linux systems, as well as OS X. This vulnerability was reportedly being exploited in the wild already. Trend Micro spotted samples, which are actual payload of the said exploit code. Trend Micro detects this as ELF_BASHLITE.A.

All versions of Bash up to and including version 4.3 are vulnerable.

Bash Vulnerability Shellshock (CVE-2014-7169)
 Severity:    
 Advisory Date:  25 Sep 2014

This vulnerability, which is found existing in certain versions of GNU Bourne Again Shell (Bash) can allow an attacker to execute commands on an affected system. It allows for remote code execution on servers that run these Linux distributions. Bash is used by most Unix and Linux systems, as well as OS X. This vulnerability was reportedly being exploited in the wild already. Trend Micro spotted samples, which are actual payload of the said exploit code.

All versions of Bash up to and including version 4.3 are vulnerable.

Microsoft addresses the following vulnerabilities in its September batch of patches:

  • (MS14-052) Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (2977629)
    Risk Rating: Critical

    This security update addresses several vulnerabilities found existing in Internet Explorer. When exploited successfully, it could allow remote code execution thus compromising the security of the affected systems.


  • (MS14-053) Vulnerability in .NET Framework Could Allow Denial of Service (2990931)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft .NET Framework. Once exploited successfully, it can allow denial of service.


  • (MS14-054)Vulnerabilities in Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2984615)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows, which could allow elevation of privilege once exploited successfully by attackers via a specially crafted application.


  • (MS14-055) Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Lync Server Could Allow Denial of Service (2990928)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses vulnerabilities in Microsoft Lync Server, that could allow denial of service via a specially crafted request to a Lync server thus compromising its security.

 Heap-based buffer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.244 and 14.x and 15.x before 15.0.0.152 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.406 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 15.0.0.249 on Windows and OS X and before 15.0.0.252 on Android, Adobe AIR SDK before 15.0.0.249, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 15.0.0.249 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2014-0556.

Microsoft addresses the following vulnerabilities in its August batch of patches:

  • (MS14-043) Vulnerability in Windows Media Center Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2978742)
    Risk Rating: Critical

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows. Once successfully exploited, it could allow remote code execution thus compromising the security of the affected system.


  • (MS14-044) Vulnerabilities in SQL Server Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2984340)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses vulnerabilities found residing in Microsoft SQL Server. One of the vulnerabilities which affects SQL Server Master Data Services, can lead to elevation of privilege once successfully exploited via a specially crafted website.


  • (MS14-045)Vulnerabilities in Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2984615)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses several vulnerabilities found in Microsoft Windows. When successfully exploited, it could allow elevation of privilege via a specially crafted application run by a remote attacker.


  • (MS14-046)Vulnerability in .NET Framework Could Allow Security Feature Bypass (2984625)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft .NET Framework. Once successfully exploited, it could allow security bypass feature via a specially crafted website thus compromising the security of the system.


  • (MS14-047)Vulnerability in LRPC Could Allow Security Feature Bypass (2978668)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses one vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows, which could allow security feature bypass when used with another vulnerability like remote code execution vulnerability. This then can lead to arbitrary code execution.


  • (MS14-048)Vulnerability in OneNote Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2977201)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft OneNote, which could allow remote code execution when successfully exploited. As such, the security of the system is compromised.


  • (MS14-048)Vulnerability in OneNote Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2977201)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft OneNote, which could allow remote code execution when successfully exploited. As such, the security of the system is compromised.


  • (MS14-049)Vulnerability in Windows Installer Service Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2962490)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows, which could lead to elevation of privilege once successfully exploited by a remote attacker.


  • (MS14-050)Vulnerability in Microsoft SharePoint Server Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2977202)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft SharePoint Server. Remote attackers can use a specially crafted app to execute arbitrary JavaScript.


  • (MS14-051)Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (2976627)
    Risk Rating: Critical

    This security update addresses several vulnerabilities in Internet Explorer. Once successfully exploited, it could lead to remote code execution via a specially crafted webpage viewed by a user. In addition, remote attackers can also have the same user rights as the current user.


Microsoft addresses the following vulnerabilities in its July batch of patches:

  • (MS14-037) Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (2975687)
    Risk Rating: Critical

    This security update addresses several vulnerabilities found in Internet Explorer. When exploited, it allows remote code execution thus compromising the security of the system.


  • (MS14-038) Vulnerability in Windows Journal Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2975689)
    Risk Rating: Critical

    This security update addresses a vulnerability in Microsoft Windows, which can lead to remote code execution when exploited successfully by remote attackers.


  • (MS14-039) Vulnerability in On-Screen Keyboard Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2975685)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows that can potentially allow elevation of privilege when exploited successfully.


  • (MS14-040) Vulnerability in Ancillary Function Driver (AFD) Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2975684)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses one vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows that could allow elevation of privilege when successfully exploited.


  • MS14-041 Vulnerability in DirectShow Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2975681)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses one vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows that could allow elevation of privilege when successfully exploited.


  • (MS14-042) Vulnerability in Microsoft Service Bus Could Allow Denial of Service (2972621)
    Risk Rating: Moderate

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft Service Bus for Windows Server. When exploited successfully, it can lead to denial of service.


Microsoft addresses the following vulnerabilities in its June batch of patches:

  • (MS14-030) Vulnerability in Remote Desktop Could Allow Tampering (2969259)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows. When exploited, it could permit tampering once remote attackers access the network segment. As such, it could compromise the security of the network.


  • (MS14-031) Vulnerability in TCP Protocol Could Allow Denial of Service (2962478)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows which can lead to denial of service when successfully exploited, thus compromising the security of the systems.


  • (MS14-032) Vulnerability in Microsoft Lync Server Could Allow Information Disclosure (2969258)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability found in Microsoft Lync Server that could allow information disclosure, which remote attackers may possibly use to launch their attacks.


  • (MS14-033) Vulnerability in Microsoft XML Core Services Could Allow Information Disclosure (2966061)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses one vulnerability found in Microsoft Windows that could allow information disclosure once successfully exploited by remote attackers.


  • (MS14-034) Vulnerability in Microsoft Word Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2969261)
    Risk Rating: Important

    This security update addresses a vulnerability in Microsoft Office which could also allow remote code execution once successfully exploited.


  • (MS14-035) Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (2969262)
    Risk Rating: Critical

    This security update resolves several vulnerabilities found existing in Internet Explorer that could allow remote code execution once successfully exploited via a specially crafted webpage.


  • (MS14-036) Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Graphics Component Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2967487)
    Risk Rating: Critical

    This security update addresses vulnerabilities found in Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office, and Microsoft Lyn. Once successfully exploited via a specially crafted webpage, it could allow remote code execution thus compromising the security of the system.


Linux Kernel Vulnerability (CVE-2014-3153)
 Severity:    
 Advisory Date:  06 Jun 2014

A flaw was found in the way the Linux kernel's futex subsystem handles certain Priority Inheritance (PI) futexes. Attackers who successfully exploit this vulnerability may raise their privileges on the vulnerable system.

Adobe Flash Player Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2014-0536)
 Severity:    
 Advisory Date:  04 Jun 2014
Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.223 and 14.x before 14.0.0.125 on Windows and before 11.2.202.378 on Linux allow attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via unspecified vectors.