Apple has released a security bulletin which covers several vulnerabilities, including CVE-2015-7076, which our security researcher, Juwei Lin discovered and reported to the said company. Apple has credited Lin for his research contribution.
All systems which run on Mac OS X below 10.11.2 (OS X El Capitan) and Intel Graphics Driver AppleIntelBDWGraphics can be affected by this vulnerability. Note, however, that there are certain systems that installed Intel Graphics Driver AppleIntelBDWGraphics by default.
A local privilege escalation vulnerability exists when Intel Graphics Driver handles a special request from usermode. This vulnerability could let the local user be able to execute arbitrary code with system privileges. While Apple rated this vulnerability low since they employ mitigation technologies such as SMAP/SMEP, an attacker with minimal knowledge of IOKit can develop an exploit to abuse this security hole.
In order for the attackers to infect the vulnerable system, users need to execute a program containing an exploit send via spam email. When users execute this malicious program, it gets local system privilege thus enabling the attackers to control the system. This local privilege escalation vulnerability is typically use as part of an entire attack to enable to bypass sandbox and gain system privilege to do further actions thus compromising its (system) security.
Users are advised to update their systems to the latest Mac OS version.
Administrators of NGINX web servers running PHP-FPM are advised to patch a vulnerability (CVE-2019-11043) that can let threat actors execute remote code on vulnerable, NGINX-enabled web servers. Here’s what you need to know.