Author: Raymart Christian Yambot   

 

Win32:RansomX-gen [Ransom] (AVAST)

 PLATFORM:

Windows

 OVER ALL RISK RATING:
 DAMAGE POTENTIAL::
 DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL::
 REPORTED INFECTION:
 INFORMATION EXPOSURE:
Low
Medium
High
Critical

  • Threat Type:
    Ransomware

  • Destructiveness:
    No

  • Encrypted:
     

  • In the wild::
    Yes

  OVERVIEW

INFECTION CHANNEL: Descargado de Internet, Eliminado por otro tipo de malware

It arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

  TECHNICAL DETAILS

File size: 143,872 bytes
File type: EXE
Memory resident: No
INITIAL SAMPLES RECEIVED DATE: 03 de listopada de 2022
PAYLOAD: Connects to URLs/IPs, Collects system information, Encrypts files, Displays message/message boxes

Detalles de entrada

It arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

Instalación

Agrega los procesos siguientes:

  • "%System%\cmd.exe" /c bcdedit /set {current} bootstatuspolicy ignoreallfailures
  • "%System%\cmd.exe" /c bcdedit /set {current} recoveryenabled no
  • "%Windows%\sysnative\vssadmin.exe" delete shadows /all /quiet
  • taskill -f -im {Stopped Processes}
  • sc delete {Deleted Services}

(Nota: %Windows% es la carpeta de Windows, que suele estar en C:\Windows o C:\WINNT).

)

Otras modificaciones del sistema

Modifica las siguientes entradas de registro:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
PolicyManager\default\Start\
HideShutDown
value = 1

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 0.)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
PolicyManager\default\Start\
HideRestart
value = 1

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 0.)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
PolicyManager\default\Start\
HideSignOut
value = 1

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 0.)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\
System
shutdownwithoutlogon = 0

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\
Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services
MaxConnectionTime = 0

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\
Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services
MaxDisconnectionTime = 0

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\
Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services
MaxIdleTime = 0

Elimina las siguientes claves de registro:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Raccine

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\
Services\EventLog\Application\
Raccine

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
vssadmin.exe

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
wmic.exe

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
wbadmin.exe

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
bcdedit.exe

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
powershell.exe

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
diskshadow.exe

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
net.exe

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
taskkill.exe

Finalización del proceso

Finaliza los procesos siguientes si detecta que se ejecutan en la memoria del sistema afectado:

  • sqlserv.exe
  • oracle.exe
  • ntdbsmgr.exe
  • sqlservr.exe
  • sqlwriter.exe
  • MsDtsSrvr.exe
  • msmdsrv.exe
  • ReportingServecesService.exe
  • fdhost.exe
  • fdlauncher.exe
  • mysql.exe

  • where (Stopped Processes}
    • sqlwriter.exe
    • sqlservr.exe
    • msmdsrv.exe
    • MsDtsSrvr.exe
    • sqlceip.exe
    • fdlauncher.exe
    • Ssms.exe
    • SQLAGENT.EXE
    • fdhost.exe
    • fdlauncher.exe
    • sqlservr.exe
    • ReportingServicesService.exe
    • msftesql.exe
    • pg_ctl.exe
    • postgres.exe

Robo de información

Recopila los siguientes datos:

  • Computer Name
  • Product Name
  • OS Architecture
  • Application Privilege

Información sustraída

Este malware envía la información recopilada a la siguiente URL a través de HTTP POST:

  • http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.191.141/QWEwqdsvsf/ap.php

Otros detalles

Hace lo siguiente:

  • It encrypts files from local drives, removable drives, and network shares.
  • It DOES NOT continue to routine if User Default Language ID of the system is any of the following:
    • Russian (0x419)
    • Kazakh (0x43F)
    • Belarusian (0x423)
    • Ukrainian (0x422)
    • Tatar (0x444)
  • It blocks any system shutdown and displays the following the message:
    • "Do NOT shutdown OR reboot your PC: this might damage your files permanently !"
  • It reverts the following modified registries entries back to its default values after encryption:
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\PolicyManager\default\Start\HideShutDown
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\PolicyManager\default\Start\HideRestart
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\PolicyManager\default\Start\HideSignOut
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\CurrentVersion\Policies\System\shutdownwithoutlogon
  • It deletes the following services {Deleted Services}:
    • MSSQLFDLauncher
    • MSSQLSERVER
    • SQLSERVERAGENT
    • SQLBrowser
    • SQLTELEMETRY
    • MsDtsServer130
    • SSISTELEMETRY130
    • SQLWriter
    • MSSQL$VEEAMSQL2012
    • SQLAgent$VEEAMSQL2012
    • MSSQL
    • SQLAgent
    • MSSQLServerADHelper100
    • MSSQLServerOLAPService
    • MsDtsServer100
    • ReportServer
    • SQLTELEMETRY$HL
    • TMBMServer
    • MSSQL$PROGID
    • MSSQL$WOLTERSKLUWER
    • SQLAgent$PROGID
    • SQLAgent$WOLTERSKLUWER
    • MSSQLFDLauncher$OPTIMA
    • MSSQL$OPTIMA
    • SQLAgent$OPTIMA
    • ReportServer$OPTIMA
    • msftesql$SQLEXPRESS
    • postgresql-x64-9.4

  SOLUTION

Minimum scan engine: 9.800
First VSAPI Pattern File: 17.958.03
First VSAPI Pattern Release Date: 25 de listopada de 2022
VSAPI OPR PATTERN-VERSION: 17.959.00
VSAPI OPR PATTERN DATE: 26 de listopada de 2022

Step 2

Los usuarios de Windows ME y XP, antes de llevar a cabo cualquier exploración, deben comprobar que tienen desactivada la opción Restaurar sistema para permitir la exploración completa del equipo.

Step 3

Note that not all files, folders, and registry keys and entries are installed on your computer during this malware's/spyware's/grayware's execution. This may be due to incomplete installation or other operating system conditions. If you do not find the same files/folders/registry information, please proceed to the next step.

Step 4

Restore this modified registry value

[ learnMore ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this only if you know how to or you can seek your system administrator’s help. You may also check out this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.

  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services
    • MaxConnectionTime = 0
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services
    • MaxDisconnectionTime = 0
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services
    • MaxIdleTime = 0

Step 5

Restore these deleted registry keys/values from backup

*Note: Only Microsoft-related keys/values will be restored. If the malware/grayware also deleted registry keys/values related to programs that are not from Microsoft, please reinstall those programs on your computer.

  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\
    • Raccine
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\EventLog\Application\
    • Raccine
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
    • vssadmin.exe
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
    • wmic.exe
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
    • wbadmin.exe
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
    • bcdedit.exe
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
    • powershell.exe
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
    • diskshadow.exe
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
    • net.exe
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\
    • taskkill.exe

Step 6

Buscar y eliminar estos archivos

[ learnMore ]
Puede que algunos de los archivos del componente estén ocultos. Asegúrese de que tiene activada la casilla Buscar archivos y carpetas ocultos en la opción "Más opciones avanzadas" para que el resultado de la búsqueda incluya todos los archivos y carpetas ocultos.
  • {Drive Letter:}\FILE RECOVERY.txt
  • {Encrypted Directory:}\FILE RECOVERY.txt
DATA_GENERIC_FILENAME_1
  • En la lista desplegable Buscar en, seleccione Mi PC y pulse Intro.
  • Una vez haya encontrado el archivo, selecciónelo y, a continuación, pulse MAYÚS+SUPR para eliminarlo definitivamente.
  • Repita los pasos 2 a 4 con el resto de archivos:
      • {Drive Letter:}\FILE RECOVERY.txt
      • {Encrypted Directory:}\FILE RECOVERY.txt
  • Step 7

    Explorar el equipo con su producto de Trend Micro para eliminar los archivos detectados como Ransom.Win32.TARGETCOMP.YXCKCZ En caso de que el producto de Trend Micro ya haya limpiado, eliminado o puesto en cuarentena los archivos detectados, no serán necesarios más pasos. Puede optar simplemente por eliminar los archivos en cuarentena. Consulte esta página de Base de conocimientos para obtener más información.

    Step 8

    Restore this file from backup only Microsoft-related files will be restored. If this malware/grayware also deleted files related to programs that are not from Microsoft, please reinstall those programs on you computer again.


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