Analysis by: Sammy Chua

 ALIASES:

Trojan:Win32/Bulta!rfn (Microsoft), Trojan-Banker.Win32.Dyre.fx (Kaspersky), Infostealer.Dyre (Symantec)

 PLATFORM:

Windows

 OVERALL RISK RATING:
 DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
 DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
 REPORTED INFECTION:
 INFORMATION EXPOSURE:

  • Threat Type: Spyware

  • Destructiveness: No

  • Encrypted: Yes

  • In the wild: Yes

  OVERVIEW

Infection Channel: Downloaded from the Internet, Dropped by other malware

This spyware arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It does not have any propagation routine.

It does not have any backdoor routine.

It connects to certain websites to send and receive information. It deletes the initially executed copy of itself.

  TECHNICAL DETAILS

File Size: 430,080 bytes
File Type: EXE
Memory Resident: Yes
Initial Samples Received Date: 19 May 2015
Payload: Connects to URLs/IPs

Arrival Details

This spyware arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

Installation

This spyware drops the following files depending on the platform/operating system of the affected computer:

  • %AppDataLocal%\ne9bzef6m8.dll (For Windows Vista and above)
  • %System%\config\systemprofile\Application Data\ne9bzef6m8.dll (For Windows XP and below)

(Note: %AppDataLocal% is the Application Data folder found in Local Settings, where it is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Local Settings\Application Data on Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP (32- and 64-bit); C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Local on Windows Vista (32- and 64-bit), Windows 7 (32- and 64-bit), Windows 8 (32- and 64-bit), Windows 8.1 (32- and 64-bit), Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2012.. %System% is the Windows system folder, where it usually is C:\Windows\System32 on all Windows operating system versions.)

It drops the following copies of itself depending on the platform/operating system of the affected computer:

  • %Windows%\{random file name}.exe (For Windows XP and below)
  • %AppDataLocal%\{random file name}.exe (For Windows Vista and above)

(Note: %Windows% is the Windows folder, where it usually is C:\Windows on all Windows operating system versions.. %AppDataLocal% is the Application Data folder found in Local Settings, where it is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Local Settings\Application Data on Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP (32- and 64-bit); C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Local on Windows Vista (32- and 64-bit), Windows 7 (32- and 64-bit), Windows 8 (32- and 64-bit), Windows 8.1 (32- and 64-bit), Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2012.)

It adds the following mutexes to ensure that only one of its copies runs at any one time:

  • Global\pen3j3832h

It injects codes into the following process(es):

  • svchost.exe

Autostart Technique

This spyware registers itself as a system service to ensure its automatic execution at every system startup by adding the following registry entries:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\
Services\googleupdate
Start = "2"

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\
Services\googleupdate
ImagePath = "%Windows%\{random file name}.exe"

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\
Services\googleupdate
DisplayName = "Google Update Service"

It adds the following registry entries to enable its automatic execution at every system startup:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
GoogleUpdate = "%AppDataLocal%\{random file name}.exe" (For Windows Vista and above)

It registers as a system service to ensure its automatic execution at every system startup by adding the following registry keys:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\
Services\googleupdate (For Windows XP and below)

Propagation

This spyware does not have any propagation routine.

Backdoor Routine

This spyware does not have any backdoor routine.

Information Theft

This spyware gathers the following data:

  • Host Name
  • Public IP Address
  • OS Version
  • User Name
  • Computer Name
  • OS platform
  • Installed programs

Other Details

This spyware connects to the following URL(s) to check for an Internet connection:

  • google.com
  • microsoft.com

It connects to the following URL(s) to get the affected system's IP address:

  • http://icanhazip.com

It connects to the following website to send and receive information:

  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.178.37:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.92.77:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.63.46:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.255.87:4443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.234.86:4443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.201.9:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.152.131:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.34.203:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.239.215:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.252.242:4443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.190.146:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.190.167:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.190.183:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.190.26:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.190.84:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.191.144:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.191.213:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.255.131:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.206.204:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.81.96:4443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.58.238:4443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.14.89:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.54.111:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.59.238:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.194.237:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.115.88:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.170.118:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.202.197:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.202.3:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.169.178:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.169.187:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.23.130:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.147.50:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.15.70:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.69.137:4443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.54.127:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.235.48:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.34.137:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.219.35:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.164.18:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.54.22:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.55.122:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.55.12:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.165.229:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.177.95:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.153.216:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.79.84:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.239.126:4443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.157.139:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.74.70:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.97.141:443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.71.88:4443
  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.178.46:4443

It does the following:

  • Monitors the following browsers:
    • chrome.exe
    • firefox.exe
    • iexplore.exe
  • Steals important banking/bitcoin information by injecting malicious codes to bank/bitcoin login webpages with URLs containing any of the following:
    • *bbva.*
    • *bbva.*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */bbw/cmserver/*
    • */bbw/dashboard/*
    • */bbw/clientPub/*
    • */bbw/cmserver/welcome/default/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *-g*-enligne.*.fr/stb/entreeBam*
    • *-g*-enligne.*.fr/stb/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *.com/SPF/Login/Auth.aspx*
    • *.com/SPF/Login/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */Authentication/Login*
    • */Accounts/AccountOverview.asp*
    • */Authentication/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *pib*.secure-banking.com/*
    • *pib*.secure-banking.com/*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *.ibps.*.banquepopulaire.fr*
    • *.ibps.*.banquepopulaire.fr/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *secure.fundsxpress.com/piles/fxweb.pile/*
    • *secure.fundsxpress.com/piles/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *netteller.com/login2008/*
    • *netteller.com/login2008/Authentication/Views/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *bbv.com.ar*
    • *bbv.com.ar/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *.com/pub/html/login.html*
    • *.com/pub/html/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *.icgauth.banquepopulaire.fr*
    • *.icgauth.banquepopulaire.fr/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *ediweb.credit-agricole.fr/*/login*.jsp*
    • *.ediweb.ca-*.fr/*/login*.jsp*
    • *.ediweb.ca-*.fr/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *ediweb.credit-agricole.fr/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *bv-activebanking.de/*/loginFormAction.*
    • */onlinebanking-*/loginFormAction.*
    • */onlinebanking-*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *konto.*/onlinebanking*/loginFormAction.*
    • *konto.*/onlinebanking*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *banking.*/onlinebanking*/loginFormAction.*
    • *banking.*/onlinebanking*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *konto.*/sepa-solutions*/loginFormAction.*
    • *konto.*/sepa-solutions*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *bv-activebanking.de/*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */BANKAWAY*
    • *BANKAWAY/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *bbvacontinental.pe*
    • *bbvacontinental.pe/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *.ebanking-services.com/*
    • *.ebanking-services.com/*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *.com/fi*/*/*
    • *.com/fi*/*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *onlinebank.com/*
    • *onlinebank.com/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */business/j_security_check*
    • */business/login/Login.jsp*
    • */business/cts_security_precheck*
    • */business/*favicon.ico[?]*
    • */dciweb.htm*?p0=idesai.tht&t=p*
    • */dciweb.htm*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */cgi-bin/hbproxy.exe/*
    • */cgi-bin/hbproxy.exe/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */EBC_EBC1961/*
    • */EBC_EBC1961/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *.blilk.com/Core/Authentication/MFA*
    • *.blilk.com/Core/Authentication/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *corporatebankingweb/core/*
    • *corporatebankingweb/core/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *cey-ebanking.com/CLKCCM/*
    • *cey-ebanking.com/CLKCCM/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */onlineserv/CM*
    • */onlineserv/CM/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *.de/loginStart.do*
    • *.de/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *myvirtualbranch.com*
    • *myvirtualbranch.com/*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *bancomer.com*
    • *bancomer.com/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *bbvanet.com.co*
    • *bbvanet.com.co/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *engine/login/businesslogin*
    • */engine/login/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */wcmfd/*
    • */wcmfd/*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • *commerzbank*
    • *commerzbank.*/favicon.ico[?]*
    • */info/1[?]*
    • */getq/1
    • www.chase.com/
    • www.chase.com/business-banking*
    • www.chase.com/mortgage*
    • www.chase.com/checking*
    • www.chase.com/online-banking*
    • www.chase.com/mobile-banking*
    • www.chase.com/savings*
    • www.chase.com/personal-banking*
    • www.chase.com/private-client*
    • www.chase.com/home-equity*
    • www.chase.com/commercial-bank*
    • chaseonline.chase.com/Logon.aspx*
    • www.chase.com/student-loans*
    • www.chase.com/investments*
    • www.chase.com/credit-cards*
    • www.chase.com/resources*
    • www.chase.com/online/private_client*
    • chaseonline.chase.com/MyAccounts.aspx
    • chaseonline.chase.com/secure/Profile/UpdateContactInfo/UpdateContact.aspx
    • */info/2[?]*
    • */getq/2
    • www.bankofamerica.com/
    • www.bankofamerica.com/[?]*
    • www.bankofamerica.com/smallbusiness/
    • secure.bankofamerica.com/login/sign-in/signOnScreen.go*
    • secure.bankofamerica.com/login/languageToggle.go*
    • secure.bankofamerica.com/login/sign-in/signOn.go*
    • secure.bankofamerica.com/login/sign-in/displayAuthCodeScreen.go*
    • www.bankofamerica.com/sitemap/hub/signin.go*
    • secure.bankofamerica.com/login/sign-in/internal/entry/signOn.go*
    • secure.bankofamerica.com/myaccounts/signin/signIn.go*
    • secure.bankofamerica.com/customer/manageContacts/view-profile.go?returnSiteIndicator=GAIEC&isHEMIModPilot=Y&request_locale=en-us
    • */info/3[?]*
    • */getq/3
    • online.citibank.com/*/JSO/signon/LocaleUsernameSignon.do*
    • online.citibank.com/*/JSO/signon/uname/Next.do*
    • online.citibank.com/*/JPS/portal/Index.do*
    • online.citibank.com/*/JPS/portal/Home.do*
    • online.citibank.com/*/REST/accountsPanel/getCustomerAccounts.jws*
    • online.citibank.com/US/JPS/portal/Home.do?JFP_TOKEN=NH20XSVB*
    • */info/4[?]*
    • */getq/4
    • www.wellsfargo.com/
    • www.wellsfargo.com/biz*
    • online.wellsfargo.com/signon*
    • online.wellsfargo.com/das/signon*
    • online.wellsfargo.com/login*
    • connect.secure.wellsfargo.com/auth/login/present*
    • online.wellsfargo.com/das/channel/accountSummary*
    • online.wellsfargo.com/das/cgi-bin/session.cgi?screenid=SIGNON_PORTAL_PAUSE
    • */info/5[?]*
    • */getq/5
    • server*.cey-ebanking.com/CLKPCB/*/login.asp*
    • */info/6[?]*
    • */getq/6
    • */ISuite5/Features/Auth/MFA/Default.aspx*
    • */ISuite5/Features/Auth/MFA/Login/MFALoginEnrolledPassword.aspx*
    • */ISuite5/Features/Auth/MFA/IFrameLoginMFA.aspx*
    • */ISuite5/Features/Auth/MFA/Login/MFALoginChallengeUser.aspx*
    • */ISuite5/Features/LandingPage.aspx*
    • /ISuite5/Features/Preferences/MFA/MFASecuritySettings.aspx
    • */info/7[?]*
    • */getq/7
    • www.paypal.com/
    • www.paypal.com
    • www.paypal.com/home
    • www.paypal.com/??/home
    • www.paypal.com/webapps/mpp/home*
    • www.paypal.com/??/webapps/mpp/home*
    • www.paypal.com/webapps/mpp/merchant
    • www.paypal.com/??/webapps/mpp/merchant
    • www.paypal.com/signin*
    • www.paypal.com/login*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=*flow*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?token*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=*express-checkout*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=*login-run*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=*login-submit*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=*contact-general*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=*run-check-cookie*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=*login-processing*
    • www.paypal.com/*cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=*account-refund*
    • www.paypal.com/auth/validatecaptcha
    • www.paypal.com/myaccount/
    • www.paypal.com/myaccount/[?]*
    • www.paypal.com/businessexp/money*
    • www.paypal.com/businessexp/summary*
    • www.paypal.com/webapps/business/
    • www.paypal.com/webapps/business/moneyBasic
    • www.paypal.com/webapps/customerprofile/summary.view
    • www.paypal.com/myaccount/settings
    • */info/8[?]*
    • */getq/8
    • */LoginAdv.aspx?qs=*
    • */SignOn.aspx?qs=*
    • */PassMarkRecognizedAdv.aspx?qs=*
    • */info/9[?]*
    • */getq/9
    • business.santander.co.uk/LGSBBI_NS_ENS/BtoChannelDriver.ssobto*
    • business.santander.co.uk/LGSBBI_NS_ENS*/ChannelDriver.ssobto*
    • business.santander.co.uk/SBBI_Accounts_ENS/BtoChannelDriver.ssobto?*dse_operationName=MyAccounts*
    • business.santander.co.uk/SBBI_ServiceRequest_ENS/BtoChannelDriver.ssobto?dse_encryptData=*dse_operationName=ChangeContactDetails
    • */info/10[?]*
    • */getq/10
    • onlinebanking.nationwide.co.uk/AccessManagement/Login
    • onlinebanking.nationwide.co.uk/AccountList
    • onlinebanking.nationwide.co.uk/CustomerIB/ViewAndMaintainCustomerDetails/Index
    • */info/11[?]*
    • */getq/11
    • www.nwolb.com/login.aspx*
    • www.nwolb.com/AccountSummary2.aspx
    • www.nwolb.com/ChangeSettingsLandingPageA.aspx
    • */info/12[?]*
    • */getq/12
    • www.ulsterbankanytimebanking.ie/login.aspx*
    • www.ulsterbankanytimebanking.ie/AccountSummary2.aspx*
    • www.ulsterbankanytimebanking.ie/ChangeSettingsLandingPageA.aspx
    • */info/13[?]*
    • */getq/13
    • www.rbsdigital.com/login.aspx*
    • www.rbsdigital.com/AccountSummary2.aspx*
    • www.rbsdigital.com/ChangeSettingsLandingPageA.aspx
    • */info/14[?]*
    • */getq/14
    • www.tescobank.com/sss/auth
    • */info/15[?]*
    • */getq/15
    • online.bankofscotland.co.uk/personal/logon/login.jsp
    • secure.bankofscotland.co.uk/personal/a/account_overview_personal/
    • secure.bankofscotland.co.uk/personal/a/your_personal_details/
    • */info/16[?]*
    • */getq/16
    • www.halifax-online.co.uk/personal/logon/login.jsp
    • secure.halifax-online.co.uk/personal/a/account_overview_personal/
    • secure.halifax-online.co.uk/personal/a/your_personal_details/
    • */info/17[?]*
    • */getq/17
    • online.lloydsbank.co.uk/personal/logon/login.jsp*
    • secure.lloydsbank.co.uk/personal/a/account_overview_personal/
    • secure.lloydsbank.co.uk/personal/a/your_personal_details/
    • */info/18[?]*
    • */getq/18
    • retail.santander.co.uk/LOGSUK_NS_ENS/BtoChannelDriver.ssobto*
    • retail.santander.co.uk/LOGSUK_NS_ENS/ChannelDriver.ssobto*
    • retail.santander.co.uk/EBAN_Accounts_ENS/channel.ssobto*
    • retail.santander.co.uk/EBAN_ServiceRequest_ENS/BtoChannelDriver.ssobto?dse_encryptData=*&dse_operationName=ChangeContactDetails
    • */info/19[?]*
    • */getq/19
    • corporate.santander.co.uk/LOGSCU_NS_ENS/BtoChannelDriver.bto*
    • corporate.santander.co.uk/LOGSUK_NS_ENS/ChannelDriver.ssobto*
    • business.santander.co.uk/SBBI_Accounts_ENS/BtoChannelDriver.ssobto?*dse_operationName=MyAccounts*
    • */info/20[?]*
    • */getq/20
    • online.tsb.co.uk/personal/logon/login.jsp
    • secure.tsb.co.uk/personal/a/account_overview_personal/
    • secure.tsb.co.uk/personal/a/your_personal_details/
    • */info/21[?]*
    • */getq/21
    • */hbnet/app*
    • */ebranch/login/login.aspx*
    • */hbnet/login/login.aspx*
    • */hbnet/accountinfo/balances.aspx?*
    • */info/22[?]*
    • */getq/22
    • www.scotiaconnect.scotiabank.com/sco-tp/pki/AuthenticateUserInputRoamingEPF.jsp
  • The following is the proxy address for the Man-in-the-middle attack:
    • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.95.10:443
  • Connects to the following STUN (Session Traversal Utilities for NAT) server in order to determine the public IP address of the compromised computer:
    • stun1.voiceeclipse.net
    • stun.callwithus.com
    • stun.sipgate.net
    • stun.ekiga.net
    • stun.ideasip.com
    • stun.internetcalls.com
    • stun.noc.ams-ix.net
    • stun.phonepower.com
    • stun.voip.aebc.com
    • stun.voipbuster.com
    • stun.voxgratia.org
    • stun.ipshka.com
    • stun.faktortel.com.au
    • stun.iptel.org
    • stun.voipstunt.com
    • stunserver.org
    • 203.183.172.196:3478
    • s1.taraba.net
    • s2.taraba.net
    • stun.l.google.com:19302
    • stun1.l.google.com:19302
    • stun2.l.google.com:19302
    • stun3.l.google.com:19302
    • stun4.l.google.com:19302
    • stun.schlund.de
    • stun.rixtelecom.se
    • stun.voiparound.com
    • numb.viagenie.ca
    • stun.stunprotocol.org
    • stun.2talk.co.nz
  • Receives the configuration for bank-related URLs to target and Man-in-the-middle server setting
  • Receive new C&C connections
  • Download file and execute
  • Download Module(VNC,TV)
  • Browser Snapshot
  • Shutdown/restart system

It deletes the initially executed copy of itself

NOTES:

This spyware sends the following GET request:

/1805us12/{data}/{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.43.39/

It sends a POST request to send stolen information from the injection to bank/bitcoin login sites.

It does not have rootkit capabilities.

It does not exploit any vulnerability.

  SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine: 9.750

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Note that not all files, folders, and registry keys and entries are installed on your computer during this malware's/spyware's/grayware's execution. This may be due to incomplete installation or other operating system conditions. If you do not find the same files/folders/registry information, please proceed to the next step.

Step 3

Restart in Safe Mode

[ Learn More ]

Step 4

Delete this registry key

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\googleupdate (For Windows XP and below)

Step 5

Delete this registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.

  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • GoogleUpdate = "%AppDataLocal%\{random file name}.exe" (For Windows Vista and above)

Step 6

Search and delete this file

[ Learn More ]
There may be some files that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the "More advanced options" option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.
  • %System%\config\systemprofile\Application Data\ne9bzef6m8.dll (For Windows XP and below)
  • %AppDataLocal%\ne9bzef6m8.dll (For Windows Vista and above)

Step 7

Restart in normal mode and scan your computer with your Trend Micro product for files detected as TSPY_DYRE.OYPA. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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