Analysis by: Joshua John Bantayan


Ransom:Win32/BabukLocker.MK!MTB (MICROSOFT); Trojan-Ransom.FileCrypter (IKARUS)




  • Threat Type: Ransomware

  • Destructiveness: No

  • Encrypted: No

  • In the wild: Yes


Infection Channel: Downloaded from the Internet

This Ransomware arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.


File Size: 39,424 bytes
File Type: EXE
Memory Resident: No
Initial Samples Received Date: 15 Jan 2021
Payload: Displays message/message boxes, Encrypts files, Terminates processes

Arrival Details

This Ransomware arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.


This Ransomware adds the following processes:

  • /c vssadmin.exe delete shadows /all /quiet

It adds the following mutexes to ensure that only one of its copies runs at any one time:

  • babuk_v3

Process Termination

This Ransomware terminates the following services if found on the affected system:

  • AcronisAgent
  • AcrSch2Svc
  • backup
  • BackupExecAgentAccelerator
  • BackupExecAgentBrowser
  • BackupExecDiveciMediaService
  • BackupExecJobEngine
  • BackupExecManagementService
  • BackupExecRPCService
  • BackupExecVSSProvider
  • CAARCUpdateSvc
  • CASAD2DWebSvc
  • ccEvtMgr
  • ccSetMgr
  • DefWatch
  • GxBlr
  • GxCIMgr
  • GxCVD
  • GxFWD
  • GxVss
  • Intuit.QuickBooks.FCS
  • mepocs
  • PDVFSService
  • QBCFMonitorService
  • QBFCService
  • QBIDPService
  • RTVscan
  • SavRoam
  • sophos
  • sophos
  • stc_raw_agent
  • veeam
  • veeam
  • VeeamDeploymentService
  • VeeamNFSSvc
  • VeeamTransportSvc
  • YooBackup
  • YooIT
  • zhudongfangyu

It terminates the following processes if found running in the affected system's memory:

  • agntsvc.exe
  • dbeng50.exe
  • dbsnmp.exe
  • encsvc.exe
  • excel.exe
  • firefox.exe
  • infopath.exe
  • isqlplussvc.exe
  • msaccess.exe
  • mspub.exe
  • mydesktopqos.exe
  • mydesktopservice.exe
  • notepad.exe
  • ocautoupds.exe
  • ocomm.exe
  • ocssd.exe
  • onenote.exe
  • oracle.exe
  • outlook.exe
  • powerpnt.exe
  • sqbcoreservice.exe
  • sql.exe
  • steam.exe
  • synctime.exe
  • tbirdconfig.exe
  • thebat.exe
  • thunderbird.exe
  • visio.exe
  • winword.exe
  • wordpad.exe
  • xfssvccon.exe

Other Details

This Ransomware does the following:

  • Empties Recycle Bin Contents.
  • Uses Windows Restart Manager to unlock files it will encrypt.
  • Encrypts all fixed and removable drives.
  • It encrypts files from network shares.

It accepts the following parameters:

  • -lanfirst -> encrypt network shares
  • -nolan -> do not encrypt network shares

Ransomware Routine

This Ransomware avoids encrypting files with the following strings in their file path:

  • $Recycle.Bin
  • All Users
  • autorun.inf
  • boot.ini
  • bootfont.bin
  • bootmgfw.efi
  • bootmgr
  • bootmgr.efi
  • bootsect.bak
  • desktop.ini
  • ecdh_pub_k.bin
  • Google
  • iconcache.db
  • Internet Explorer
  • Mozilla
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • ntldr
  • ntuser.dat
  • ntuser.dat.log
  • ntuser.ini
  • Opera
  • Opera Software
  • Program Files
  • Program Files (x86)
  • ProgramData
  • thumbs.db
  • Tor Browser
  • Windows
  • Windows.old

It appends the following extension to the file name of the encrypted files:

  • .babyk

It leaves text files that serve as ransom notes containing the following text:

  • {encrypted directory}\How To Restore Your Files.txt


Minimum Scan Engine: 9.800
VSAPI OPR PATTERN File: 16.503.00
VSAPI OPR PATTERN Date: 28 Jan 2021

Step 1

Trend Micro Predictive Machine Learning detects and blocks malware at the first sign of its existence, before it executes on your system. When enabled, your Trend Micro product detects this malware under the following machine learning name:

    • Troj.Win32.TRX.XXPE50FFF039

Step 2

Before doing any scans, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows 10 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 3

Note that not all files, folders, and registry keys and entries are installed on your computer during this malware's/spyware's/grayware's execution. This may be due to incomplete installation or other operating system conditions. If you do not find the same files/folders/registry information, please proceed to the next step.

Step 4

Search and delete these files

[ Learn More ]
There may be some files that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the "More advanced options" option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.
  • {encrypted directory}\How To Restore Your Files.txt

Step 5

Restore encrypted files from backup.

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