Author: Joshua Paul Ignacio   

 

HEUR:Trojan.Shell.Agent.u (KASPERSKY); BV:Agent-BGD [Trj] (AVAST)

 PLATFORM:

Linux

 OVER ALL RISK RATING:
 DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
 DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
 REPORTED INFECTION:
 INFORMATION EXPOSURE
Low
Medium
High
Critical

  • Threat Type:
    Trojan

  • Destructiveness:
    No

  • Encrypted:
    No

  • In the wild:
    Yes

  OVERVIEW

INFECTION CHANNEL: Dropped by other malware, Downloaded from the Internet

This Trojan arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It executes then deletes itself afterward.

It executes downloaded files whose malicious routines are exhibited by the affected system.

However, as of this writing, the said sites are inaccessible.

  TECHNICAL DETAILS

File size: 35,104 bytes
File type: Other
Memory resident: No
INITIAL SAMPLES RECEIVED DATE: 12 February 2020
PAYLOAD: Terminates processes, Deletes files, Drops files, Executes files

Arrival Details

This Trojan arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

Installation

This Trojan adds the following folders:

  • /usr/lib/...
  • /tmp/...

It drops the following copies of itself into the affected system:

  • /usr/lib/.../diskmanagerd
  • /tmp/.../diskmanagerd
  • /tmp/.../just4root

It executes then deletes itself afterward.

Other System Modifications

This Trojan deletes the following files:

  • /usr/lib/.../diskmanagerd
  • /tmp/.../just4run
  • /tmp/.../pxe
  • /tmp/.../pxe.c
  • /tmp/.../.d1r7y.txt
  • /tmp/.h
  • /tmp/.hh
  • /tmp/.helpdd
  • /tmp/.../
  • /tmp/.../brootkit.sh
  • /tmp/.../install.sh
  • /tmp/vxbkyxrlq2hly2s
  • /usr/lib/.../kacpi_notify
  • /tmp/moni.lod
  • /tmp/gates.lod
  • /etc/init.d/selinux
  • /etc/init.d/DbSecuritySpt
  • /etc/rc1.d/S97DbSecuritySpt
  • /etc/rc2.d/S97DbSecuritySpt
  • /etc/rc3.d/S97DbSecuritySpt
  • /etc/rc4.d/S97DbSecuritySpt
  • /etc/rc5.d/S97DbSecuritySpt
  • /usr/bin/bsd-port/conf.n
  • /usr/bin/bsd-port/getty
  • /usr/bin/bsd-port/getty.lock
  • /tmp/pythompy
  • /etc/rc1.d/S99selinux
  • /etc/rc2.d/S99selinux
  • /etc/rc3.d/S99selinux
  • /etc/rc4.d/S99selinux
  • /etc/rc5.d/S99selinux

Dropping Routine

This Trojan drops the following files:

  • /tmp/.helpdd
  • /etc/cron.hourly/gcc4lef.sh
  • /tmp/.../just4run

Download Routine

This Trojan executes downloaded files :

  • /tmp/diskmanagerd → Downloaded from http://owa.{BLOCKED}g.com/shell
  • /tmp/diskmanagerd → Downloaded from http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.140.59/shell
  • /tmp/.../brootkit.sh (Detected as Rootkit.SH.BROOTKIT.A)→ Downloaded from http://owa.{BLOCKED}g.com/l/tiktoor/brootkit.sh
  • /tmp/.../brootkit.sh (Detected as Rootkit.SH.BROOTKIT.A) → Downloaded from http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.140.59/l/tiktoor/brootkit.sh
  • /tmp/.../install.sh (Detected as Trojan.SH.BROOTKIT.B) → Downloaded from http://owa.{BLOCKED}g.com/l/tiktoor/install.sh
  • /tmp/.../install.sh (Detected as Trojan.SH.BROOTKIT.B) → Downloaded from http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.140.59/l/tiktoor/install.sh
  • /tmp/.../pxe.c → Downloaded from http://owa.{BLOCKED}g.com/l/pxe/dtC.c
  • /tmp/.../pxe.c → Downloaded from http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.140.59/l/pxe/dtC.c
  • /tmp/.../pxe.c → Downloaded from http://owa.{BLOCKED}g.com/l/pxe/dtU.c
  • /tmp/.../pxe.c → Downloaded from http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.140.59/l/pxe/dtU.c
  • /tmp/.../pxe (Detected as Trojan.Linux.CVE20165195.D) → Downloaded from http://owa.{BLOCKED}g.com/l/pxe/dtC
  • /tmp/.../pxe (Detected as Trojan.Linux.CVE20165195.D) → Downloaded from http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.140.59/l/pxe/dtC
  • /tmp/.../pxe (Detected as Trojan.Linux.CVE20165195.C) → Downloaded from http://owa.{BLOCKED}g.com/l/pxe/dtU
  • /tmp/.../pxe (Detected as Trojan.Linux.CVE20165195.C) → Downloaded from http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.140.59/l/pxe/dtU
whose malicious routines are exhibited by the affected system.

Other Details

This Trojan does the following:

  • It creates the following cron jobs for persistence:
    • Path: /etc/cron.hourly/gcc4lef.sh
    • Schedule: Every 3 minutes
    • Command: */3 * * * * root /etc/cron.hourly/gcc4lef.sh
  • It does the following once an Anti-Virus program is running on the affected machine:
    • safedog
      • Uninstall the following:
        • sddev
      • Terminates the following:
        • safedog
        • sdmonitor
        • sdcc
        • udcenter
        • sdcmd
        • sdsvrd
        • Sdacm
        • Udpro
        • sduibin
      • Deletes the following:
        • /etc/sd_uninstall
        • /etc/init.d/sdccboot
        • /etc/init.d/safedog
        • /etc/init.d/sdboot
        • /etc/init.d/udboot
        • /etc/rc2.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/rc3.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/rc4.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/rc5.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/rc2.d/S99udboot
        • /etc/rc3.d/S99udboot
        • /etc/rc4.d/S99udboot
        • /etc/rc5.d/S99udboot
        • /etc/rc2.d/S99sdboot
        • /etc/rc3.d/S99sdboot
        • /etc/rc4.d/S99sdboot
        • /etc/rc5.d/S99sdboot
        • /usr/bin/sdcc
        • /usr/bin/sdmonitor
        • /usr/bin/sd_autoexmn
        • /usr/bin/runsdcc
        • /usr/bin/sdccboot
        • /usr/bin/udboot
        • /usr/bin/udcenter
        • /usr/bin/udpro
        • /usr/bin/sdalarm
        • /usr/bin/sdsetos
        • /usr/bin/safedog_uninstall
        • /usr/bin/safedog
        • /usr/bin/sdboot
        • /usr/bin/sdstart
        • /usr/bin/sdsvrd
        • /usr/bin/sdwebdir
        • /usr/bin/sdrtdefendupdate
        • /usr/bin/sdcmd
        • /usr/bin/sdtest
        • /usr/bin/sdui
        • /usr/bin/sduibin
        • /usr/bin/sdcloud
        • /usr/bin/udinstall
        • /usr/bin/sdacm
        • /usr/bin/sdrepo
        • /usr/bin/uduninstall
        • /usr/bin/SDDownload
        • /etc/sdinfo.conf
        • /etc/udcenter.conf
        • /etc/safedog
        • /etc/safedog/libs/safedog
        • /etc/safedog/libs/sdcommon
        • /etc/safedog/libs/sdcc
        • /etc/cloudhelper
        • /etc/init.d/sdccboot
        • /etc/init.d/rc2.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/init.d/rc3.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/init.d/rc4.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/init.d/rc5.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/rc2.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/rc3.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/rc4.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/rc5.d/S99sdccboot
        • /etc/safedog/sdcc/bin/sdcc
        • /usr/bin/sdcc
        • /etc/safedog/sdcc/script/runsdcc
        • /usr/bin/runsdcc
        • /etc/safedog/sdcc/script/sdccboot
        • /usr/bin/sdccboot
        • /etc/safedog/logs/sdcc.log
        • /etc/safedog/sdcc/script/udboot
        • /etc/safedog/sdcc/bin/udcenter
        • /etc/safedog/sdcc/bin/udpro
        • /etc/safedog/sdcc/bin/sdalarm
        • /etc/safedog/server/script/sdsetos
        • /etc/safedog/script/safedog_uninstall
        • /etc/sd_uninstall/
    • aegis
      • Uninstall the following:
        • /etc/init.d/aegis
      • Terminates the following:
        • /etc/init.d/aegis
        • aegis_cli
        • aegis_update
        • AliYunDun
        • AliHids
        • AliYunDunUpdate
      • Deletes the following:
        • /etc/init.d/aegis
        • /etc/runlevels/default/aegis
        • /etc/rc2.d/S80aegis
        • /etc/rc3.d/S80aegis
        • /etc/rc4.d/S80aegis
        • /etc/rc5.d/S80aegis
        • /etc/rc.d/rc2.d/S80aegis
        • /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/S80aegis
        • /etc/rc.d/rc4.d/S80aegis
        • /etc/rc.d/rc5.d/S80aegis
        • /usr/local/aegis/aegis_client
        • /usr/local/aegis/aegis_update
        • /usr/local/aegis/alihids
    • yunsuo
      • Uninstall the following:
        • /usr/local/yunsuo_agent
      • Terminates the following:
        • yunsuo
        • /etc/init.d/yunsuo
      • Deletes the following:
        • /etc/init.d/yunsuo
    • clamd
      • Terminates the following:
        • clamd
        • /etc/init.d/avast
      • Deletes the following files:
        • all files related to clamav
    • avast
      • Terminates the following:
        • avast
        • /etc/init.d/avast
      • Deletes the following:
        • all files related to avast
    • avgd
      • Terminates the following:
        • avgd
        • /etc/init.d/avgd
      • Deletes the following:
        • /opt/avg/
        • all files related to avg
    • cmdavd and cmdmgd
      • Terminates the following:
        • cmdavd
        • Cmdmgd
        • /etc/init.d/cmdavd
        • /etc/init.d/cmdmgd
      • Deletes the following:
        • /opt/COMODO
        • all files related to CAV_LINUX
    • drweb-configd and drweb-spider-kmod
      • Terminates the following:
        • drweb-spider-kmod
        • drweb-configd
        • /etc/init.d/drweb-spider-kmod
        • /etc/init.d/drweb-configd
      • Deletes the following:
        • /opt/drweb.com
        • all files related to drweb
    • esets
      • Terminates the following:
        • /etc/init.d/esets
      • Deletes the following:
        • /opt/eset/
    • xmirrord
      • Uninstall the following:
        • /usr/share/xmirror/scripts
      • Terminates the following:
        • xmirrord
        • /etc/init.d/xmirrord
      • Deletes the following:
        • all files related to xmirrord

However, as of this writing, the said sites are inaccessible.

It checks for the presence of the following antivirus and security applications:

  • safedog
  • aegis
  • yunsuo
  • clamd
  • avast
  • avgd
  • cmdavd
  • cmdmgd
  • drweb-configd
  • drweb-spider-kmod
  • esets
  • xmirrord

  SOLUTION

Minimum scan engine: 9.850
First VSAPI Pattern File: 15.694.07
First VSAPI Pattern Release Date: 19 February 2020
VSAPI OPR PATTERN-VERSION: 15.695.00
VSAPI OPR PATTERN DATE: 20 February 2020

Scan your computer with your Trend Micro product to delete files detected as Trojan.SH.BROOTKIT.A. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check the following Trend Micro Support pages for more information:


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