This research paper looks at protocol gateways, which translate various protocols used by different industrial devices and machinery, and provides insight into the security issues and vulnerabilities found in these devices as well as ways to secure them.
The legacy programming environments of widely used industrial machines could harbor virtually undetectable vulnerabilities and malware. Our security analysis of these environments reveals critical flaws and their repercussions for smart factories.
Underground platforms are part of a mature ecosystem for trading cybercrime goods and services. How does a capable hosting infrastructure allow illicit activities to thrive?