Ensure that your CloudTrail logs are encrypted at rest using server-side encryption provided by AWS KMS–Managed Keys (SSE-KMS) to enhance the security of your CloudTrail bucket and allow you to have better control over who can read the log files in your organization.
This rule can help you with the following compliance standards:
- The Center of Internet Security AWS Foundations Benchmark
- Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS)
- Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
- General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
- NIST 800-53 (Rev. 4)
This rule can help you work with the AWS Well-Architected Framework
This rule resolution is part of the Cloud Conformity Security & Compliance tool for AWS
Enabling CloudTrail log files encryption using SSE-KMS will facilitate a strong security layer that is directly manageable by you using your KMS Customer Master Keys (CMK) rather than allowing S3 to manage it by default using S3-managed encryption keys (SSE-S3).
Note: The CMK used must be in the same region as the S3 bucket that receives your CloudTrail log files.
To determine if your CloudTrail trails have the SSE-KMS encryption feature enabled, perform the following:
Remediation / Resolution
To enable SSE-KMS encryption for your CloudTrail log files, perform the following:
- AWS Documentation
- AWS CloudTrail FAQs
- CloudTrail Concepts
- AWS KMS Key Policy for CloudTrail
- Updating a Trail to Use Your CMK
- Encrypting CloudTrail Log Files with AWS KMS–Managed Keys (SSE-KMS)
- Granting encrypt permissions
- Creating and Updating Your Trail
- Creating and Updating a Trail with the AWS CLI
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You are auditing:
CloudTrail Logs Encrypted
Risk level: Medium