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Threat Encyclopedia

TSPY_FAREIT.VAOV

ANALYSIS BY

Al Victor de Leon


ALIASES:

Trojan-PSW.Win32.Fareit.aorp (Kaspersky), Win32/PSW.Fareit.A trojan (Eset), W32/Inject.EX!tr (Fortinet)

PLATFORM:

Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows Vista (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows 7 (32-bit, 64-bit)

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:
INFORMATION EXPOSURE:

  • Threat Type:Spyware

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted: Yes

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW

Infection Channel:

Spammed via email, Downloaded from the Internet, Dropped by other malware


This spyware arrives as an attachment to email messages spammed by other malware/grayware or malicious users. It arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It executes the downloaded files. As a result, malicious routines of the downloaded files are exhibited on the affected system.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

File Size:

120,320 bytes

File Type:

EXE

Memory Resident:

No

Initial Samples Received Date:

18 May 2014

Payload:

Connects to URLs/IPs, Steals information, Downloads files

Arrival Details

This spyware arrives as an attachment to email messages spammed by other malware/grayware or malicious users.

It arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

Other System Modifications

This spyware adds the following registry entries as part of its installation routine:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\WinRAR
HWID = "{random value}"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\WinRAR
Client Hash = "{random value}"

Download Routine

This spyware accesses the following websites to download files:

  • http://www.{BLOCKED}evini.com/css/el/p1.exe
  • http://www.{BLOCKED}evini.com/css/el/pi2.exe - already inaccessible
  • http://www.{BLOCKED}vini.com/css/el/sop3.exe - already inaccessible
  • http://www.{BLOCKED}evini.com/css/el/rt4.exe - already inaccessible

It saves the files it downloads using the following names:

  • %Windows%\Installer\{random GUID}\syshost.exe -detected as BKRD_NECURS.BGSJ

(Note: %Windows% is the Windows folder, which is usually C:\Windows.)

It then executes the downloaded files. As a result, malicious routines of the downloaded files are exhibited on the affected system.

Information Theft

This spyware attempts to steal stored account information used in the following installed File Transfer Protocol (FTP) clients or file manager software:

  • AceBIT
  • BitKinex
  • BlazeFTP
  • BPFTP
  • BulletProof
  • ClassicFTP
  • CoffeeCup
  • ExpanDrive
  • Far
  • Far Manager
  • Far2
  • FileZilla
  • FlashFXP
  • Fling
  • Frigate3
  • FTP Explorer
  • FTPClient
  • FTPRush
  • FTPWare
  • Ghisler
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 6 Home
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 6 Professional
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 7 Home
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 7 Professional
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 8 Home
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 8 Professional
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP Lite
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP Pro
  • GoFtp
  • LeapWare
  • LinasFTP
  • Martin Prikryl WinSCP
  • NetDrive
  • NovaFTP
  • Robo-FTP
  • SecureFX
  • Sota FFFTP
  • TurboFTP
  • UltraFXP
  • VanDyke
  • WebDrive
  • WinFTP

It gathers the following account information from any of the mentioned File Transfer Protocol (FTP) clients or file manager software:

  • Install Path
  • Data Directory
  • Password
  • Host Name
  • User Name
  • Remote Directory
  • Port Number

It attempts to steal stored email credentials from the following:

  • BatMail
  • IncrediMail
  • Outlook
  • Pocomail
  • Windows Live Mail
  • Windows Mail

It attempts to get stored information such as user names, passwords, and hostnames from the following browsers:

  • Bromium
  • ChromePlus
  • Chromium
  • Comodo
  • Flock
  • Internet Explorer
  • K-Meleon
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Nichrome
  • Opera
  • RockMelt
  • SeaMonkey

Stolen Information

This spyware sends the gathered information via HTTP POST to the following URL:

  • http://www.{BLOCKED}evini.com/css/el/gate.php

NOTES:

This spyware uses the following list of passwords to brute force Windows Logon Users:

  • 0
  • 1
  • 123
  • 1111
  • 1234
  • 7777
  • 11111
  • 12345
  • 55555
  • 111111
  • 112233
  • 123123
  • 123321
  • 123456
  • 222222
  • 654321
  • 666666
  • 1234567
  • 7777777
  • 11111111
  • 12345678
  • 123456789
  • 1234567890
  • 123abc
  • 123qwe
  • 1q2w3e
  • 1q2w3e4r
  • a
  • aaaaaa
  • abc123
  • adidas
  • admin
  • amanda
  • andrew
  • angel
  • angel1
  • angels
  • anthony
  • apple
  • asdf
  • asdfasdf
  • asdfgh
  • ashley
  • asshole
  • austin
  • baby
  • bailey
  • banana
  • bandit
  • baseball
  • batman
  • benjamin
  • billgates
  • biteme
  • blabla
  • blahblah
  • blessed
  • blessing
  • blink182
  • bubbles
  • buster
  • canada
  • cassie
  • charlie
  • cheese
  • chelsea
  • chicken
  • chris
  • christ
  • church
  • cocacola
  • compaq
  • computer
  • cookie
  • cool
  • corvette
  • creative
  • dakota
  • dallas
  • daniel
  • danielle
  • david
  • destiny
  • dexter
  • diamond
  • digital
  • dragon
  • eminem
  • emmanuel
  • enter
  • faith
  • flower
  • foobar
  • football
  • football1
  • forever
  • forum
  • freedom
  • friend
  • friends
  • fuckoff
  • fuckyou
  • fuckyou1
  • gates
  • gateway
  • genesis
  • george
  • gfhjkm
  • ghbdtn
  • god
  • grace
  • green
  • guitar
  • hahaha
  • hallo
  • hannah
  • happy
  • hardcore
  • harley
  • heaven
  • hello
  • hello1
  • helpme
  • hockey
  • hope
  • hotdog
  • hunter
  • ilovegod
  • iloveyou
  • iloveyou!
  • iloveyou1
  • iloveyou2
  • internet
  • james
  • jasmine
  • jason
  • jasper
  • jennifer
  • jessica
  • jesus
  • jesus1
  • john
  • john316
  • jordan
  • jordan23
  • joseph
  • joshua
  • junior
  • justin
  • killer
  • kitten
  • knight
  • letmein
  • london
  • looking
  • love
  • lovely
  • loving
  • lucky
  • maggietrinity
  • master
  • matrix
  • matthew
  • maverick
  • maxwell
  • merlingoogle
  • michael
  • michelle
  • mickey
  • microsoft
  • mike
  • monkey
  • mother
  • muffin
  • mustang
  • mustdie
  • mylove
  • myspace1
  • nathan
  • nicole
  • nintendo
  • none
  • nothingginger
  • onelove
  • online
  • orange
  • pass
  • passw0rd
  • password
  • password1
  • peace
  • peaches
  • peanut
  • pepper
  • phpbb
  • pokemon
  • poop
  • power
  • praise
  • prayer
  • prince
  • princess
  • purple
  • qazwsx
  • qwert
  • qwerty
  • qwerty1
  • rachel
  • rainbow
  • red123
  • richard
  • robert
  • rotimi
  • samantha
  • sammy
  • samuel
  • saved
  • scooby
  • scooter
  • secret
  • shadow
  • shalom
  • silver
  • single
  • slayer
  • smokey
  • snoopy
  • soccer
  • soccer1
  • sparky
  • spirit
  • startrek
  • starwars
  • stella
  • summer
  • sunshine
  • superman
  • taylor
  • test
  • testing
  • testtest
  • thomas
  • thunder
  • tigger
  • trustno1
  • victory
  • viper
  • welcome
  • whatever
  • william
  • windows
  • winner
  • wisdom
  • zxcvbnm

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

9.700

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN FILE:

10.802.08

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN DATE:

18 May 2020

VSAPI OPR PATTERN File:

10.803.00

VSAPI OPR PATTERN Date:

18 May 2014

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Remove malware/grayware files dropped/downloaded by TSPY_FAREIT.VAOV. (Note: Please skip this step if the threats listed below have already been removed.)

     
    • BKDR_NECURS.BGSJ

Step 3

Delete this registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.

 
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\WinRAR
    • HWID = "{random value}"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\WinRAR
    • Client Hash = "{random value}"

Step 4

Scan your computer with your Trend Micro product to delete files detected as TSPY_FAREIT.VAOV. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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