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Threat Encyclopedia

TSPY_FAREIT.ADI

ANALYSIS BY

Rika Joi Gregorio


ALIASES:

PWS:Win32/Fareit.gen!A (Microsoft), Downloader.Ponik (Symantec), W32/Tepfer.NMOB!tr.pws (Fortinet), Trojan-PWS.Win32.Fareit (Ikarus), Win32/PSW.Fareit.A trojan (ESET)

PLATFORM:

Windows 2000, Windows XP (32-bit and 64-bit), Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista (32-bit and 64-bit), Windows 7 (32-bit and 64-bit)

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:
INFORMATION EXPOSURE:

  • Threat Type:Spyware

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted: Yes

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW

Infection Channel:

Spammed via email, Downloaded from the Internet, Dropped by other malware


This spyware arrives as an attachment to email messages spammed by other malware/grayware or malicious users. It may be downloaded by other malware/grayware/spyware from remote sites.

It executes then deletes itself afterward.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

File Size:

96,256 bytes

File Type:

EXE

Memory Resident:

No

Initial Samples Received Date:

04 Jul 2013

Payload:

Downloads files , Connects to URLs/IPs, Steals information

Arrival Details

This spyware arrives as an attachment to email messages spammed by other malware/grayware or malicious users.

It may be downloaded by other malware/grayware/spyware from remote sites.

Installation

This spyware executes then deletes itself afterward.

Other System Modifications

This spyware adds the following registry entries:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\WinRAR
HWID = "{random value}"

Download Routine

This spyware connects to the following website(s) to download and execute a malicious file:

  • http://{BLOCKED}toneva.com/2QJekM84.exe
  • http://{BLOCKED}t.{BLOCKED}rara.com/6gsgXBfC.exe
  • http://www.{BLOCKED}ezuchtverein-deutschland-ev.de/bn43.exe
  • http://{BLOCKED}lycheezballz.com/sg5bp2.exe

It saves the files it downloads using the following names:

  • %User Temp%\{random numbers}.exe

(Note: %User Temp% is the current user's Temp folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Local Settings\Temp on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Local\Temp on Windows Vista and 7.)

Trend Micro detects the dowloaded file as:

  • TSPY_ZBOT.ADD

Stolen Information

This spyware sends the gathered information via HTTP POST to the following URL:

  • http://{BLOCKED}handkitchen.mobi/forum/viewtopic.php
  • http://{BLOCKED}handkitchens.com/forum/viewtopic.php
  • http://{BLOCKED}chenandbath.com/forum/viewtopic.php
  • http://{BLOCKED}chenandbath.info/forum/viewtopic.php

NOTES:

It attempts to steal stored account information of the following installed FTP clients or File Managers:

  • AceFTP
  • 32BitFtp
  • 3D-FTP
  • BPFTP
  • BlazeFtp
  • BulletProof FTP Client
  • DeluxeFTP
  • EasyFTP
  • Estsoft
  • FFFTP (Sota)
  • FTP CONTROL
  • FTP Commander
  • FTP Explorer
  • FTP Navigator
  • FTP Now
  • FTP++
  • FTPCON
  • FTPClient
  • FTPGetter
  • FTPRush
  • FTPShell
  • FTPVoyager
  • FTPWare
  • Far Manager
  • FileZilla
  • FreshFTP
  • Ghisler
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 6 Home
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 6 Professional
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 7 Home
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 7 Professional
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 8 Home
  • GlobalSCAPE CuteFTP 8 Professional
  • GoFTP
  • Ipswitch WS_FTP
  • LeapWare LeapFTP
  • LeechFTP
  • LinasFTP
  • MAS-Soft FTPInfo
  • MS IE FTP Passwords
  • NCH Software ClassicFTP
  • NovaFTP
  • Robo-FTP 3.7
  • SmartFTP
  • SoftX.org FTPClient
  • Staff-FTP
  • TurboFTP
  • WS_FTP
  • WinFTP
  • Ftp Winzip (Nico Mak Computing)
  • Coffee Cup Free FTP
  • PuTTY
  • salt-ftp

It gathers the following account information from any of the aforementioned FTP clients or File Managers:

  • Password
  • Port Number
  • Server Name
  • Server Type
  • User Name
  • Directory list

It also attempts to steal stored email credentials:

  • Outlook
  • Windows Live Mail
  • Windows Mail
  • Pocomail
  • IncrediMail
  • BatMail
  • Thunderbird

This spyware attempts to retrieve stored information such as user names, passwords, and hostnames from the following browsers:

  • FastStone Browser
  • Flock Browser
  • Google Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • K-Meleon
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Opera Browser
  • RockMelt

This spyware uses the following list of user names and passwords to access password-protected locations where the aforementioned information are stored:

  • 123abc
  • 123qwe
  • 1q2w3e
  • 1q2w3e4r
  • aaaaaa
  • abc123
  • adidas
  • admin
  • amanda
  • andrew
  • angel
  • angel1
  • angels
  • anthony
  • apple
  • asdf
  • asdfasdf
  • asdfgh
  • ashley
  • asshole
  • austin
  • baby
  • bailey
  • banana
  • bandit
  • baseball
  • batman
  • benjamin
  • billgates
  • biteme
  • blabla
  • blahblah
  • blessed
  • blessing
  • blink182
  • bubbles
  • buster
  • canada
  • cassie
  • charlie
  • cheese
  • chelsea
  • chicken
  • chris
  • christ
  • church
  • cocacola
  • compaq
  • computer
  • cookie
  • cool
  • corvette
  • creative
  • cryptimplus
  • dakota
  • dallas
  • daniel
  • danielle
  • david
  • destiny
  • dexter
  • diamond
  • digital
  • dragon
  • eminem
  • emmanuel
  • enter
  • faith
  • flower
  • foobar
  • football
  • football1
  • forever
  • forum
  • freedom
  • friend
  • friends
  • fuckoff
  • fuckyou
  • fuckyou1
  • gates
  • gateway
  • genesis
  • george
  • gfhjkm
  • ghbdtn
  • ginger
  • god
  • google
  • grace
  • green
  • guitar
  • hahaha
  • hallo
  • hannah
  • happy
  • hardcore
  • harley
  • heaven
  • hello
  • hello1
  • helpme
  • hockey
  • hope
  • hotdog
  • hunter
  • ilovegod
  • iloveyou
  • iloveyou!
  • iloveyou1
  • iloveyou2
  • internet
  • james
  • jasmine
  • jason
  • jasper
  • jennifer
  • jessica
  • jesus
  • jesus1
  • john
  • john316
  • jordan
  • jordan23
  • joseph
  • joshua
  • junior
  • justin
  • killer
  • kitten
  • knight
  • letmein
  • london
  • looking
  • love
  • lovely
  • loving
  • lucky
  • maggie
  • master
  • matrix
  • matthew
  • maverick
  • maxwell
  • merlin
  • michael
  • michelle
  • mickey
  • microsoft
  • mike
  • monkey
  • mother
  • muffin
  • mustang
  • mustdie
  • mylove
  • myspace1
  • nathan
  • nicole
  • nintendo
  • none
  • nothing
  • onelove
  • online
  • orange
  • pass
  • passw0rd
  • password
  • password1
  • peace
  • peaches
  • peanut
  • pepper
  • phpbb
  • pokemon
  • poop
  • power
  • praise
  • prayer
  • prince
  • princess
  • purple
  • qazwsx
  • qwert
  • qwerty
  • qwerty1
  • rachel
  • rainbow
  • red123
  • richard
  • robert
  • rotimi
  • samantha
  • sammy
  • samuel
  • saved
  • scooby
  • scooter
  • secret
  • shadow
  • shalom
  • silver
  • single
  • slayer
  • smokey
  • snoopy
  • soccer
  • soccer1
  • sparky
  • spirit
  • startrek
  • starwars
  • stella
  • summer
  • sunshine
  • superman
  • taylor
  • test
  • testing
  • testtest
  • thomas
  • thunder
  • tigger
  • trinity
  • trustno1
  • victory
  • viper
  • welcome
  • whatever
  • william
  • windows
  • winner
  • wisdom
  • zxcvbnm

Some of the URLs it accesses for downloading other malware are inaccessible as of this writing.

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

9.300

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN FILE:

10.134.03

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN DATE:

04 Jul 2013

VSAPI OPR PATTERN File:

10.135.00

VSAPI OPR PATTERN Date:

05 Jul 2013

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Remove the malware/grayware file dropped/downloaded by TSPY_FAREIT.ADI

Step 3

Delete this registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\WinRAR
    • HWID = "{random value}"

Step 4

Scan your computer with your Trend Micro product to delete files detected as TSPY_FAREIT.ADI. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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