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Threat Encyclopedia

TROJ_FAKEAV.SMTV

ANALYSIS BY

Karl Dominguez


PLATFORM:

Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:

  • Threat Type:Trojan

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted: Yes

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW


This Trojan uses social engineering methods to lure users into performing certain actions that may, directly or indirectly, cause malicious routines to be performed. Specifically, it makes use of Twitter as its infection/arrival vector.

To get a one-glance comprehensive view of the behavior of this Trojan, refer to the Threat Diagram shown below.

This Trojan installs a fake antivirus/antispyware software. It displays fake alerts that warn users of infection. It also displays fake scanning results of the affected system. It then asks for users to purchase it once scanning is completed. If users decide to purchase the rogue product, users are directed to a certain website asking for sensitive information, such as credit card numbers.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

File Size:

Varies

File Type:

PE

Memory Resident:

Yes

Initial Samples Received Date:

21 Jan 2011

Payload:

Displays graphics/image, Steals information

Arrival Details

This Trojan may be unknowingly downloaded by a user while visiting the following malicious websites:

  • http://www.{BLOCKED}cional.com/m28sx.html
  • http://{BLOCKED}venta.it/m28sx.html
  • http://{BLOCKED}ialcittadino.it/m28sx.html
  • http://{BLOCKED}s.fr/m28sx.html
  • http://{BLOCKED}tcoiffure.fr/m28sx.html
  • http://s15248477.{BLOCKED}home-server.info/m28sx.html
  • http://www.{BLOCKED}store.com/m28sx.html
  • http://www.{BLOCKED}i.ee/m28sx.html
  • http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.240.228/index.php?
  • http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.195.19

Installation

This Trojan drops the following component file(s):

  • %Start Menu%\Programs\Security Shield.lnk

(Note: %Start Menu% is the current user's Start Menu folder, which is usually C:\Windows\Profiles\{user name}\Start Menu on Windows 98 and ME, C:\WINNT\Profiles\{user name}\Start Menu on Windows NT and C:\Windows\Start Menu or C:\Documents and Settings\{User name}\Start Menu on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003.)

It drops the following copies of itself into the affected system:

  • %Application Data%\{random file name}.exe

(Note: %Application Data% is the current user's Application Data folder, which is usually C:\Windows\Profiles\{user name}\Application Data on Windows 98 and ME, C:\WINNT\Profiles\{user name}\Application Data on Windows NT, and C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Local Settings\Application Data on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003.)

Autostart Technique

This Trojan adds the following registry entries to enable its automatic execution at every system startup:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
{malware file name} = %Application Data%\{malware file name}

Adware Routine

This Trojan connects to the following URLs to download and display ads:

  • http://{BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.113.25

Rogue Antivirus Routine

This Trojan displays the following fake alerts:

It installs a fake antivirus/antispyware software.

It displays fake alerts that warn users of infection. It also displays fake scanning results of the affected system. It then asks for users to purchase it once scanning is completed. If users decide to purchase the rogue product, users are directed to a certain website asking for sensitive information, such as credit card numbers.

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

8.900

VSAPI OPR PATTERN File:

7.785.00

VSAPI OPR PATTERN Date:

22 Jan 2011

Step 1

For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 users, before doing any scans, please make sure you disable System Restore to allow full scanning of your computer.

Step 2

Identify and terminate files detected as TROJ_FAKEAV.SMTV

[ Learn More ]
  1. If the detected file is displayed in either Windows Task Manager or Process Explorer but you cannot delete it, restart your computer in safe mode. To do this, refer to this link for the complete steps.
  2. If the detected file is not displayed in either Windows Task Manager or Process Explorer, continue doing the next steps.

Step 3

Delete this registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


 
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
    • %Application Data%\{malware file name}

Step 4

Search and delete this file

[ Learn More ]
There may be some component files that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the More advanced options option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.
  • %Start Menu%\Programs\Security Shield.lnk

Step 5

Scan your computer with your Trend Micro product to delete files detected as TROJ_FAKEAV.SMTV. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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