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Threat Encyclopedia

TROJ_FAKEAV.HKZ

ANALYSIS BY

kathleenno


ALIASES:

FakeAlert-Rena.n (Mcafee); W32/FakeAV.BTQ!tr (Fortinet)

PLATFORM:

Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:

  • Threat Type:Trojan

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted: No

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW

TECHNICAL DETAILS

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

8.900

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN FILE:

8.228.15

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN DATE:

16 Jun 2011

VSAPI OPR PATTERN File:

8.229.00

VSAPI OPR PATTERN Date:

17 Jun 2011

Step 1

For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 users, before doing any scans, please make sure you disable System Restore to allow full scanning of your computer.

Step 2

Identify and terminate files detected as TROJ_FAKEAV.HKZ

[ Learn More ]
  1. If the detected file is displayed in either Windows Task Manager or Process Explorer but you cannot delete it, restart your computer in safe mode. To do this, refer to this link for the complete steps.
  2. If the detected file is not displayed in either Windows Task Manager or Process Explorer, continue doing the next steps.

Step 3

Delete this registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • {random numbers}="{malware path and file name}"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\DomainProfile
    • EnableFirewall="0"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\DomainProfile
    • DoNotAllowExceptions="0"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\DomainProfile
    • DisableNotifications="1"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile
    • EnableFirewall="0"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile
    • DoNotAllowExceptions="0"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile
    • DisableNotifications="1"

Step 4

Restore this modified registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.

  • In HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.exe\shell\open\command
    • From: (Default)=""{malware path and file name}" -a "%1" %*"
      To: (Default)=""%1" %*"
  • In HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\exefile\shell\open\command
    • From: (Default)=""{malware path and file name}" -a "%1" %*"
      To: (Default)=""%1" %*"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes\.exe\shell\open\command
    • From: (Default)=""{malware path and file name}" -a "%1" %*"
      To: (Default)=""%1" %*"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes\exefile\shell\open\command
    • From: (Default)=""{malware path and file name}" -a "%1" %*"
      To: (Default)=""%1" %*"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Clients\StartMenuInternet\FIREFOX.EXE\shell\open\command
    • From: (Default)=""{malware path and file name}" -a "%Program Files%\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe""
      To: (Default)="%Program Files%\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Clients\StartMenuInternet\FIREFOX.EXE\shell\safemode\command
    • From: (Default)=""{malware path and file name}" -a "%Program Files%\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe" -safe-mode"
      To: (Default)=""%Program Files%\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe" -safe-mode"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Clients\StartMenuInternet\IEXPLORE.EXE\shell\open\command
    • From: (Default)=""{malware path and file name}" -a "%Program Files%\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe""
      To: (Default)="%Program Files%\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center
    • From: AntiVirusDisableNotify="1"
      To: AntiVirusDisableNotify="0"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center
    • From: FirewallDisableNotify="1"
      To: FirewallDisableNotify="0"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center
    • From: UpdatesDisableNotify="1"
      To: UpdatesDisableNotify="0"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center
    • From: AntiVirusOverride="1"
      To: AntiVirusOverride="0"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center
    • From: FirewallOverride="1"
      To: FirewallOverride="0"

Step 5

Search and delete these files

[ Learn More ]
There may be some component files that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the "More advanced options" option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.
 
  • C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\{random file name}
  • %Application Data%\{random file name}
  • %User Profile%\Templates\{random file name}
  • %User Temp%\{random file name}

Step 6

Scan your computer with your Trend Micro product to delete files detected as TROJ_FAKEAV.HKZ. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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