Threat Encyclopedia

BKDR_RILER.MC

Publish date: October 09, 2012

ANALYSIS BY

Michael Cabel


PLATFORM:

Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:

  • Threat Type:Backdoor

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted: No

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW

Infection Channel:

Dropped by other malware


This backdoor may be dropped by other malware.

It connects to a website to send and receive information.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

File Size:

17,920 bytes

File Type:

PE

Memory Resident:

Yes

Initial Samples Received Date:

05 Sep 2012

Payload:

Connects to URLs/IPs

Arrival Details

This backdoor may be dropped by the following malware:

Installation

This backdoor drops the following files:

  • %System%\goopnet.ini - contains the path and filename of the executed malware
  • %System%\utntweep.dll - also detected as BKDR_RILER.MC

(Note: %System% is the Windows system folder, which is usually C:\Windows\System on Windows 98 and ME, C:\WINNT\System32 on Windows NT and 2000, or C:\Windows\System32 on Windows XP and Server 2003.)

Backdoor Routine

This backdoor connects to the following websites to send and receive information:

  • losang.{BLOCKED}dns.co.uk

NOTES:

As an autostart technique, this backdoor registers its DLL component as Layered Service Provider (LSP) by creating the following registry entry:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\WinSock2\Parameters\Protocol_Catalog9\Catalog_Entries\0000000000{2 digit numbers} PackedCatalogItem"%System%\utntweep.dll"

The DLL component contains the backdoor payload of the malware.

This DLL first checks if it is injected in any of the following processes before continuing execution:

  • explorer.exe
  • firefox.exe
  • lsvchost.exe
  • msnmsgr.exe
  • msimn.exe
  • netscp.exe
  • outlook.exe
  • opera.exe
  • safari.exe
  • yahoomessenger.exe

Otherwise, it terminates itself.

It is capable of reporting the following information to its C&C server:

  • Host name
  • IP address
  • Malware file size
  • Malware version
  • Operating system

It may then open a hidden instance of command.com or cmd.exe process in order to allow remote command shell access to the attacker.

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

9.200

Step 1

For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 users, before doing any scans, please make sure you disable System Restore to allow full scanning of your computer.

Step 2

Remove malware files dropped/downloaded by BKDR_RILER.MC

Step 3

Restart in Safe Mode

[ Learn More ]

Step 4

Search and delete this file

[ Learn More ]
There may be some component files that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the More advanced options option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.

  • %System%\goopnet.ini

Step 5

Delete this registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


 
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\WinSock2\Parameters\Protocol_Catalog9\Catalog_Entries\0000000000{2 digit numbers}
    • PackedCatalogItem = %System%\utntweep.dll

Step 6

Restart in normal mode and scan your computer with your Trend Micro product for files detected as BKDR_RILER.MC. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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