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Threat Encyclopedia

BKDR_PLUGX.ZTBD-A

ANALYSIS BY

Mark Joseph Manahan


ALIASES:

Backdoor.Win32.Gulpix.ua (Kaspersky) ,a variant of Win32/Kryptik.BVQC trojan (Eset) ,Generic (Panda)

PLATFORM:

Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows Vista (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows 7 (32-bit, 64-bit)

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:
INFORMATION EXPOSURE:

  • Threat Type:Backdoor

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted: Yes

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW

Infection Channel:

Downloaded from the Internet, Dropped by other malware


This backdoor arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites. It may be dropped by other malware.

It executes commands from a remote malicious user, effectively compromising the affected system.

It deletes itself after execution.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

File Size:

76,288 bytes

File Type:

EXE

Memory Resident:

Yes

Initial Samples Received Date:

28 Apr 2014

Payload:

Compromises system security, Connects to URLs/IPs

Arrival Details

This backdoor arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It may be dropped by the following malware:

  • TROJ_PLUGXDRP.ZTBD

Installation

This backdoor drops the following copies of itself into the affected system:

  • %All Users Profile%\DRM\RasTls.exe

(Note: %All Users Profile% is the All Users or Common profile folder, which is C:\Documents and Settings\All Users in Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, and C:\ProgramData in Windows Vista and 7.)

It drops the following file(s)/component(s):

  • %All Users Profile%\DRM\RasTls\{random file name} - Non-malicious

(Note: %All Users Profile% is the All Users or Common profile folder, which is C:\Documents and Settings\All Users in Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, and C:\ProgramData in Windows Vista and 7.)

It creates the following folders:

  • %All Users Profile%\DRM
  • %All Users Profile%\DRM\RasTls

(Note: %All Users Profile% is the All Users or Common profile folder, which is C:\Documents and Settings\All Users in Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, and C:\ProgramData in Windows Vista and 7.)

It injects threads into the following normal process(es):

  • svchost.exe

Other System Modifications

This backdoor adds the following registry keys as part of its installation routine:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Setttings\
5.0\User Agent

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Setttings\
User Agent

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
5.0\User Agent\Post Platform

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
User Agent\Post Platform

Backdoor Routine

This backdoor executes the following commands from a remote malicious user:

  • Copy, move, rename, delete files
  • Create directories
  • Create files
  • Enumerate files
  • Execute files
  • Get drive information
  • Get file information
  • Open and modify files
  • Log keystrokes and active window
  • Enumerate TCP and UDP connections
  • Enumerate network resources
  • Set TCP connection state
  • Lock workstation
  • Log off user
  • Restart/Reboot/Shutdown system
  • Display a message box
  • Perfrom port mapping
  • Enumerate processes
  • Get process information
  • Terminate processes
  • Enumerate registry keys
  • Create registry keys
  • Delete registry keys
  • Copy registry keys
  • Enumerate registry entries
  • Modify registry entries
  • Delete registry values
  • Screen capture
  • Delete services
  • Enumerate services
  • Get service information
  • Modify services
  • Start services
  • Perform remote shell
  • Connect to a database server and execute SQL statement
  • Host Telnet server

It connects to the following URL(s) to send and receive commands from a remote malicious user:

  • http://{BLOCKED}f.{BLOCKED}arp.com:443/{generated value}
  • http://{BLOCKED}qf.{BLOCKED}nfo.com:443/{generated value}

Other Details

This backdoor deletes itself after execution.

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

9.700

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN FILE:

10.758.04

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN DATE:

28 Apr 2014

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Remove the malware/grayware file that dropped/downloaded BKDR_PLUGX.ZTBD-A

    • TROJ_PLUGXDRP.ZTBD

Step 3

Restart in Safe Mode

[ Learn More ]

Step 4

Search and delete these folders

[ Learn More ]
Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the More advanced options option to include all hidden folders in the search result.
  • %All Users Profile%\DRM

Step 5

Delete this registry key

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry. Before you could do this, you must restart in Safe Mode. For instructions on how to do this, you may refer to this page If the preceding step requires you to restart in safe mode, you may proceed to edit the system registry.

  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Setttings\5.0
    • User Agent
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Setttings
    • User Agent

Step 6

Restart in normal mode and scan your computer with your Trend Micro product for files detected as BKDR_PLUGX.ZTBD-A. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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