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Threat Encyclopedia

BKDR_NEUREVT.DCM

ANALYSIS BY

Rhena Inocencio


PLATFORM:

Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows Vista (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows 7 (32-bit, 64-bit)

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:
INFORMATION EXPOSURE:

  • Threat Type:Backdoor

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted: Yes

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW

Infection Channel:

Downloaded from the Internet, Dropped by other malware


This malware is downloaded by W97M_SHELLHIDE.B, which is related to the attack leveraging a macro-enabled word document as a malicious spam attachment.

To get a one-glance comprehensive view of the behavior of this Backdoor, refer to the Threat Diagram shown below.

This backdoor arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites. It may be dropped by other malware.

It executes commands from a remote malicious user, effectively compromising the affected system.

It modifies the Internet Explorer Zone Settings.

It retrieves specific information from the affected system.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

File Size:

217,088 bytes

File Type:

EXE

Memory Resident:

Yes

Initial Samples Received Date:

02 Apr 2014

Payload:

Compromises system security, Connects to URLs/IPs, Terminates processes, Steals information

Arrival Details

This backdoor arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It may be dropped by the following malware:

  • W97M_SHELLHIDE.B

It may be downloaded from the following remote sites:

  • http://{BLOCKED}u.com/istek/sb01ff.exe

Installation

This backdoor drops the following copies of itself into the affected system:

  • %All Users Profile\Application Data\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe
  • %Program Files%\Common Files\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe

(Note: %Program Files% is the default Program Files folder, usually C:\Program Files in Windows 2000, Server 2003, and XP (32-bit), Vista (32-bit), and 7 (32-bit), or C:\Program Files (x86) in Windows XP (64-bit), Vista (64-bit), and 7 (64-bit).)

It creates the following folders:

  • %All Users Profile\Application Data\Dynasoft
  • %Program Files%\Common Files\Dynasoft

(Note: %Program Files% is the default Program Files folder, usually C:\Program Files in Windows 2000, Server 2003, and XP (32-bit), Vista (32-bit), and 7 (32-bit), or C:\Program Files (x86) in Windows XP (64-bit), Vista (64-bit), and 7 (64-bit).)

It injects codes into the following process(es):

  • explorer.exe

Autostart Technique

This backdoor adds the following registry entries to enable its automatic execution at every system startup:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Dynamic Software Inc = "%Program Files%\Common Files\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Dynamic Software Inc = "%Program Files%\Common Files\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe"

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Dynamic Software Inc = "%All Users Profile\Application Data\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Dynamic Software Inc = "%All Users Profile\Application Data\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe"

Other System Modifications

This backdoor adds the following registry entries:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer
TaskbarNoNotification = "1"

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Win7zip
Uuid = "{random values}"

Backdoor Routine

This backdoor executes the following commands from a remote malicious user:

  • Download and execute files
  • Perform Slowloris flooding
  • Execute shell commands
  • Copy itself in removable drives
  • Access a URL
  • Uninstall / Update itself

It connects to the following URL(s) to send and receive commands from a remote malicious user:

  • http://{BLOCKED}deme.ru/img/order.php

Web Browser Home Page and Search Page Modification

This backdoor modifies the Internet Explorer Zone Settings.

Information Theft

This backdoor retrieves the following information from the affected system:

  • Hardware Information
  • Installed FTP Softwares (CoreFTP,FileZilla,FlashFXP,FTP Commander,PuTTy,SmartFTP,WinSCP)
  • Java Version
  • Installed Messenger (Skype)
  • Installed AV Products
  • Installed Browser
  • Operating system version

Other Details

This backdoor connects to the following URL(s) to check for an Internet connection:

  • microsoft.com

NOTES:

It queries the following registry key to get Microsoft Net Framework Version:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Net Framework setup\NDP

It queries the following registry key to get the processor information:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\HARDWARE\DESCRIPTION\System\CentralProcessor

It disables the following antivirus-related applications by adding the following registry entries:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image File Execution Options\{application} Debugger = "{random characters}.exe"

where {application} are as follows:

  • a2guard.exe
  • a2service.exe
  • a2start.exe
  • adaware.exe
  • ALUpdate.exe
  • arcaclean.exe
  • avastsvc.exe
  • avastui.exe
  • avcenter.exe
  • AVENGINE.exe
  • avgcfgex.exe
  • avgdiagex.exe
  • avgidsagent.exe
  • avgmfapx.exe
  • avgnt.exe
  • avguard.exe
  • avgui.exe
  • avgupd.exe
  • avgwdsvc.exe
  • AVK.exe
  • AVKTray.exe
  • avshadow.exe
  • BgScan.exe
  • BullGuard.exe
  • BullGuardBhvScanner.exe
  • BullGuardScanner.exe
  • BullGuardUpdate.exe
  • BullGuardUpdate2.exe
  • ccsvchst.exe
  • ccupdate.exe
  • CLPSLA.exe
  • coreFrameworkHost.exe
  • coreServiceShell.exe
  • egui.exe
  • ekrn.exe
  • epavjobs.exe
  • ForceField.exe
  • FProtTray.exe
  • FPWin.exe
  • fshoster32.exe
  • GDFirewallTray.exe
  • GDSC.exe
  • K7TSUpdT.exe
  • mbam.exe
  • mbamgui.exe
  • mcagent.exe
  • McPvTray.exe
  • mcshell.exe
  • mcshield.exe
  • McSvHost.exe
  • McUICnt.exe
  • mcupdate.exe
  • mcupdmgr.exe
  • MSASCui.exe
  • MsMpEng.exe
  • msseces.exe
  • niu.exe
  • op_mon.exe
  • pctsAuxs.exe
  • pctsGui.exe
  • pctsSvc.exe
  • PSANHost.exe
  • PSUAService.exe
  • PSUNMain.exe
  • RavMonD.exe
  • rcfp.exe
  • rsmain.exe
  • RsMgrSvc.exe
  • RsTray.exe
  • SBAMTray.exe
  • sbamui.exe
  • sguardxup.exe
  • starter_avp.exe
  • symerr.exe
  • uiSeAgnt.exe
  • uiWatchDog.exe
  • Update.exe
  • update_tmp.exe
  • updater.exe
  • Upgrader.exe
  • usrreq.exe
  • uWinMgr.exe
  • WRSA.exe
  • zatray.exe

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

9.700

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN FILE:

10.702.08

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN DATE:

02 Apr 2014

VSAPI OPR PATTERN File:

10.703.00

VSAPI OPR PATTERN Date:

03 Apr 2014

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Remove malware/grayware files that dropped/downloaded BKDR_NEUREVT.DCM

  • W97M_SHELLHIDE.B

Step 3

Scan your computer with your Trend Micro product and note files detected as BKDR_NEUREVT.DCM

Step 4

Restart in Safe Mode

[ Learn More ]

Step 5

Delete this registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Dynamic Software Inc = "%Program Files%\Common Files\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Dynamic Software Inc = "%Program Files%\Common Files\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Dynamic Software Inc = "%All Users Profile\Application Data\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Dynamic Software Inc = "%All Users Profile\Application Data\Dynasoft\{random filename}.exe"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer
    • TaskbarNoNotification = "1"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Win7zip
    • Uuid = "{random values}"

Step 6

Search and delete these folders

[ Learn More ]
Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the More advanced options option to include all hidden folders in the search result.
  • %All Users Profile\Application Data\Dynasoft
  • %Program Files%\Common Files\Dynasoft

Step 7

Reset Internet security settings

[ Learn More ]

Step 8

Restart in normal mode and scan your computer with your Trend Micro product for files detected as BKDR_NEUREVT.DCM. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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