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Threat Encyclopedia

BKDR_ANDROM.ATG

ANALYSIS BY

Mark Joseph Manahan


ALIASES:

Mal/Generic-L (Sophos) ,Win32/Cryptor (AVG) ,W32/Androm.DPQP!tr.bdr (Fortinet) ,Trojan-Spy.Agent (Ikarus) ,Backdoor.Win32.Androm.dpqp (Kaspersky) ,a variant of Win32/Kryptik.BWXE trojan (Eset) ,Backdoor.Trojan (Symantec)

PLATFORM:

Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows Vista (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows 7 (32-bit, 64-bit)

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:
INFORMATION EXPOSURE:

  • Threat Type:Backdoor

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted:

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW

Infection Channel:

Downloaded from the Internet, Dropped by other malware


This backdoor arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It executes commands from a remote malicious user, effectively compromising the affected system. It connects to a website to send and receive information.

It deletes itself after execution.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Payload:

Connects to URLs/IPs, Compromises system security

Arrival Details

This backdoor arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

Installation

This backdoor drops the following copies of itself into the affected system:

  • %ProgramData%\explorer.exe (Windows Vista and 7 only)
  • %All Users Profile%\explorer.exe
  • %All Users Profile%\{random}.exe

(Note: %ProgramData% is a version of the Program Files folder where any user on a multi-user computer can make changes to programs. This is usually C:\ProgramData in Windows Vista and 7, or C:\Program Files on Windows 2000, XP (32-bit), and Server 2003, or C:\Program Files (x86) on Windows XP (64-bit).. %All Users Profile% is the All Users or Common profile folder, which is C:\Documents and Settings\All Users in Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, and C:\ProgramData in Windows Vista and 7.)

It stays resident in memory by creating the following process(es):

  • msiexec.exe

It injects codes into the following process(es):

  • msiexec.exe

Autostart Technique

This backdoor adds the following registry entries to enable its automatic execution at every system startup:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Start WingMan Profiler = "%All Users Profile%\explorer.exe"

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\policies\
Explorer\Run
540 = "%All Users Profile%\{random}.exe"

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Start WingMan Profiler = "%ProgramData%\explorer.exe" (Windows Vista and 7 only and if Java update is disabled in startup)

Other System Modifications

This backdoor creates the following registry entry(ies) to bypass Windows Firewall:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\
Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\
FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile\AuthorizedApplications\
List
{malware path and file name} = "{malware path and file name}:*:Enabled:{malware file name}"

Backdoor Routine

This backdoor executes the following commands from a remote malicious user:

  • Download a file from C&C server and save it as %User Temp%\{random number}.exe
  • Download a file from C&C server and save it as %System Root%\Documents and Settings\All Users\ms{random number}.dat and loads it
  • Start a process
  • Uninstall itself
  • Remote command prompt

(Note: %User Temp% is the current user's Temp folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Local Settings\Temp on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Local\Temp on Windows Vista and 7.. %System Root% is the root folder, which is usually C:\. It is also where the operating system is located.)

It connects to the following websites to send and receive information:

  • http://{BLOCKED}sshopuppy.com/dorado/grate.php
  • http://{BLOCKED}lothesshop1.net/dorado/grate.php
  • http://{BLOCKED}lothesshop2.net/dorado/grate.php

Other Details

This backdoor deletes itself after execution.

NOTES:

This backdoor checks if it is being run in VMWare environment or emulation software. If it is being run in a VMWare environment or Emulation software, it performs another routine where in it will open Port 3232 and listen for a backdoor command to perform remote shell execution.

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

9.700

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN FILE:

10.660.04

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN DATE:

12 Mar 2014

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Restart in Safe Mode

[ Learn More ]

Step 3

Delete this registry value

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Start WingMan Profiler = "%ProgramData%\explorer.exe" (Windows Vista and 7 only and if Java update is disabled in startup)
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Start WingMan Profiler = "%All Users Profile%\explorer.exe"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\policies\Explorer\Run
    • 540 = "%All Users Profile%\{random}.exe"
  • In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile\AuthorizedApplications\List
    • {malware path and file name} = "{malware path and file name}:*:Enabled:{malware file name}"

Step 4

Search and delete these files

[ Learn More ]
There may be some files that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the "More advanced options" option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.
 
  • %User Temp%\{random number}.exe

Step 5

Restart in normal mode and scan your computer with your Trend Micro product for files detected as BKDR_ANDROM.ATG. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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