Definition

  • Encryption is the process of converting data into a form that cannot easily be read without knowledge of the conversion mechanism (often called a key).
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  • This is the known extension for executable files, which launch custom actions as dictated by its purpose. As .EXE files can launch a variety of actions, these are often used to launch malware on computers.
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  • Executable and Link Format (ELF) is an executable file format for the Linux and Unix platforms. Trend Micro detects malicious executable code for Linux and UNIX as ELF_malwarename.
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  • An exploit is code that takes advantage of a software vulnerability or security flaw. Exploits are often incorporated into malware, which are consequently able to propagate into and run intricate routines on vulnerable computers.
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  • Exploit kits are toolkits used to exploit security holes primarily to spread malware. These toolkits come packaged with exploit codes. Computers using outdated software/applications are at high risk.
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